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The manufacturing process mainly comprises eight steps. The first stage is to combine taw materials with manufactured components and then store them in the storage1, after which the production planning2 begins, which is facilitated by the product research and the design. When this stage is accomplished, the next involves assembly3, inspection4 and testing5. Once finished, the products are packaged6 and dispatched7, so as to be available for sales8.
Several steps related to information feedback can be noticed. The first stage involving feedback is the production planning, which gives information to the storage and also is affected by the data of final sales. The sales result also influences the market research, which provides crucial information to the style of package, advertising content and the designing of products. It is also noticeable that the deign of commercials also take the testing results into consideration.
People over the age of 85 make up the fastest-growing segment of the population.
Women constitute about ten percent of Parliament.
The under-18s constitute nearly 25 percent of the town's population.
The company's profits have shrunk from $5.5 million to $1.25 million.
The productivity improvements have shrunk our costs by 25 percent.
The sample of people questioned was drawn from the university's student register and stratified by age and gender.
The first reason for the aggravating sense of insecurity is primarily related to the leakage of personal information on the Internet. Although the popularity of online services, such as online shopping and takeout, has brought about enormous conveniences to people's life, personal information is also straightforward to be accessed by others. For example, a culprit can quickly obtain others' telephone numbers, home addresses, and additional information even without hacker technology, which increases numerous potential risks to people's security.
The second reason people cannot feel safe is that the media easily influence them. Right now we live in the age of misinformation. On the one hand, the state media enables people to quickly access information about various places, both at home and abroad. On the other hand, mass media tend to increase their influence by fomenting discord. As a result, movies and posts may contain many criminal details, violent plots, and other media content that causes social panic.
There are many approaches we can adopt to deter crime. For example, the authorities can increase the strength of the city's police force as an effective deterrent. Another method is to use security cameras in public places to capture the images of criminals. However, some people are not confident in the effectiveness of these measures to combat crime because they believe that the economic slowdown and poverty are the primary causes of crime. Especially during the pandemic, to keep the company alive, a large proportion of the workforce is being made redundant. Because of the high unemployment rate, some jobless people have chosen to commit shoplifting, robberies, fraud, and drug trading.
In my view, education is another solution to crime, although it may take time to see the impact of giving young people more educational opportunities. If they attend school, they will realize that violence, drug trade, and theft are all illegal. Similarly, schools or communities can provide vocational training to help them acquire bookkeeping and culinary skills, opening the door to job possibilities. They would not make money outside laws as long as they could find employment and have a steady source of income.
It is undeniable that people spend most of their time working. Even though some may claim that working sometimes deprives people of their time to enjoy life and relax, I hold the opposite view that working remains one of the most significant elements in life.
To start with, money, which is the most direct outcome of work, guarantees a healthy and decent life. Generally speaking, the richer one person is, the better his life quality would be. The way people live, ranging from daily eating and accommodation to the form of relaxation, is closely associated with their earnings. When one struggles with basic needs, he may be too parsimonious to heat the house properly and even have a problem maintaining physical well-being, not to mention other higher demands like traveling abroad.
Furthermore, a successful career means sufficient financial support and spiritual fulfillment. Specifically, people who can become experts would typically engage in fields that match their strengths and personalities. This tends to bring a sense of engagement and achievement instead of the superficial happiness of hedonism. In other words, for successful people, working is not only a way of earning money but also a way of self-actualization.
From my perspective, the crux that the majority fail to handle the relationship between companies and families is financial pressure. Living in a consumer society, many individuals are inundated with many tasks, most of which are inextricably bound up with the money, whether mortgages, private cars, medical insurance, or tuition fees for children. Only by pushing themselves to be workaholics can they earn more money to pay all their bills.
Working adults often have grueling work. Fortunately, some countries have introduced more stringent laws against exploitation, prohibiting compulsory long working hours. For example, the Portuguese parliament has passed a new labor law making it illegal for employers to contact their employees when they are off the clock. Another option is for the government to initiate a tax reduction policy for those living on a tight budget. Therefore, they don't have to subordinate personal lives to careers and can spare some time for their families.
Working from home has its benefits. There’s no commuting, which means you can sleep longer. There are no mask mandates at home, so you don't have to wear a mask all day long. People can make themselves as comfortable as possible when working from home and can even work in bed.
It is argued that studying and working from home are more productive as there are no minor disturbances in the classroom or workplace buzz, which is supposed to allow for more concentration on research and work. However, the truth is instead the opposite. Procrastination is often shared by most people since individual learning and working require constancy, discipline, and responsibility. The lack of supervision or simply being at home for so long makes people tend to lie in bed, surf social networks, or take a nap, which inevitably results in slow progress and poor performance.
Besides, isolation and loneliness are constantly hitting those who study or work at home, unlike school and the workplace, which provide a location where people can meet, make friends, and exchange ideas. Consequently, the less they get involved with others, the less creative and resourceful they will become. Worse still, students who receive education at home do not have a teacher around to provide guidance or answer questions. Employees who work from home cannot contact their colleagues for assistance and help.
Admittedly, the ability to pursue careers may relate to the financial situation as some career paths require special schooling and qualifications, which are sometimes expensive. Furthermore, youths should consider if the career path they choose will provide them with a stable and adequate financial source, namely, whether the take-home salary will support themselves or their family or cover their health insurance and retirement options.
Young leaders, especially those employed in high-technology companies, can easily keep pace with the rapidly changing market. Admittedly, compared with senior employees, they do lack experience of the past, but facing this fast-shifting market, their inadequate experience can be in turn seen as an advantage, as being coeval with targeting customers, they can understand the current tendency and are less likely to be hamstrung by empiricism. Therefore, they can absorb the latest information and adapt to meet the demand. Besides, young people have much time and ambition to be leaders. As most young people have not been married and formed their families, they can devote themselves to their work and maximize their output, which is impossible for older people.
Undeniably, when facing an emergency or a dilemma, compared with the aged leaders, the young generation tend to be less responsible, resulting in impulsive decisions due to their immaturity. Consequently, organizations might be at risk. However, young candidates who have the potential to be managers can have the capability to deal with diverse situations after professional training.
Many young people frequently change their jobs to advance their careers or make more money. This may bring more opportunities and a higher income, although sometimes it prevents them from developing expertise.
Possessing many skills is essential in the modern world, where the competition is fierce and the business environment is volatile. Young people who have ambitions and intend to expand their skills also switch jobs from time to time.
Those who change jobs frequently cannot develop expertise and earn a high income. Companies would not recruit them since these job applicants may not have a well-defined career path. Their knowledge of each job may be still only rudimentary. It is also difficult for these people to understand the logic behind their daily work or improve their ability on the right track.
I would see the work gratification as a subjective perception that is correlated with various determinants, for example, extrinsic motivating factors or personal attitudes towards what is the happiness of work. Often, the ongoing business trends require working adults to change their career paths to a new direction that might be more aligned with the industry's prospects. At an individual level, some people obtain a sense of achievement by embracing new challenges and opportunities in new domains.
From their perspective, a few minutes of communication is far from enough for employers to recognize the candidate's background fully – whether it be their expertise or other features like a sense of cooperation and team spirit. In fact, the final job offer does not descend solely from the interview. The scrutiny for an appropriate candidate includes aspects from evaluating educational background to investigating their former working experience.
Which approach can be deemed more effective in evaluating job applicants is an amorphous notion that varies with discrete requirements of different positions. For some scientific research-based work, it does make sense that candidates' academic performance or research achievements are more persuasive than a 20-minute interview. But for positions like customer service or sales representative, which emphasize more appearance and interpersonal skills, face-to-face communication wins the heart of employers.
Researches prove that children’s foundational understanding of intelligence and emotion is formed before they even start explicitly learning a curriculum. It is the environment created by the parents that could slow down or facilitate a child’s sensory, motor, emotional, and linguistic development. This is not only because children are prone to model everything a parent does and incorporate what they see into their own lives. Also, the home education system adopted by the parents and the level of support given to their children will directly affect their children’s intelligence development and problem-solving ability. Therefore, parents must take advice and training on behaving in front of their children and guarantee a formal, structured environment for children to stretch and grow.
Significant though the home education is, that of professional educators eclipses the influence of parents in education as children grow. One primary reason contributing to the change is the exclusive proficiency in academic knowledge of teachers, who seems to be eligible to answer all students' questions, making it easy to win those young minds full of curiosity. So is the case with social ability. In conclusion, although the impacts of parenting cannot be ignored, it seems that teachers have a more critical role in developing intellectual and interpersonal qualities for the next generation.
From the perspective of many parents, early school education is conducive to realizing their expectations for the next generation. Parents usually worry about potential challenges their children will face, such as the burden of study, peer pressure, etc. Additionally, it is said that young children can better acquire some knowledge. As an example, the linguistic ability is reckoned to be better gained before establishing self-consciousness. Furthermore, early schooling also benefits working parents. With their children being taken care of, adults can allocate more time and effort to their careers, which is particularly important for families living on a tight budget.
Parents may be oblivious to the feeling of young children and even pay scant attention to the their needs, who are not mentally prepared for a new environment and need more accompany from family members than teachers in their preschool years. Another fact we cannot ignore is physical maturity. Scientific evidence has shown that the human brain has not fully developed to accept advanced skills until the age of seven, which explains why it is legalized as the starting year for primary school in most countries.
The policy has failed to be practical because it just has fixed the minimum age of students but does not involve the education modes or other related standards at the same time. Rules could undoubtedly be different if the first-step education in a country is relatively easy even if the students are much younger; sometimes, the limitation must be more rigorous when children are taught more difficult knowledge.
Children face considerably more pressure to achieve results at school and university. Parents don't want their children going to mediocre schools. The competition for places at elite education institutions is growing more intense, and the current glut of graduates means that many of them will not be able to find jobs. With so much pressure, it is not uncommon for young people to suffer mental issues. Nonetheless, this pressure may be necessary in an increasingly competitive world economy. For young people to be fully equipped for the challenges they will face in their work and life, they must be adequately prepared at school and university.
Despite the necessity of preparing children for the difficulties ahead, it is also essential that attention be paid to young students' emotional and mental well-being. The increased pressure imposed on students, alongside the intensive competition among the young, is in danger of having a harmful, long-term effect on the lives of the individuals and having broader drawbacks for society as a whole.
The burden on children encompasses academic and social pressures. Firstly, there is no denying that high-quality educational resources are relatively limited, which aggravates academic competition. High expectations from parents also encourage children to suffer from increasing study pressure. In terms of social stress, the fierce peer competitions among classmates are likely to result in hypocrisy and end up causing broken friendships. Besides, to some extent, the Internet exaggerates stress because it tends to disseminate elitism.
A long-time study has unfavorable influences on children’s health and social skills. Those who are busy with Mathematics or Chemistry would lack time to play basketball or football on the playground, which may lead to a sedentary lifestyle. This is why some primary students suffer from obesity and poor eyesight. In terms of social skills, when children must listen to teachers, do homework, and have tests frequently, they have few opportunities to communicate with other people except their teachers and classmates. In the long run, their interpersonal skills will not be improved.
Also, the diversity of the whole society will be limited. Excessive pressure is inimical to creative expression. 8 to 13 is the age to discover and explore the world. But when they spend their leisure time sitting in front of the desk and focusing on textbooks rather than being exposed to nature, they will not have time to find the beautiful aspects of the world. Thus, in the future, there might be more 'nerds', who just have a good command of what books and teachers told them, and fewer creators. We should be encouraging new ideas, not stifling them.
On the materialistic level, this permissive rearing style is certainly understandable –children who have all their requirements met and are allowed to do whatever they like can fully enjoy the warmth from parents and are more likely to cultivate a stronger self-esteem. Nevertheless, from a more comprehensive perspective, the materialistic satisfaction mentioned above can be considered from an opposite angle: the overindulgence will inevitably lead to many character flaws, say, the lack of self-discipline, the incapability of behavior control, and over reliance on parents, all of which will exert detrimental effects on their later life.
Supervisors may surprise because the kids are incredibly focused and motivated when they have a chance to opt for subjects or interests they truly like in their schooling and daily lives. They may implement a wide range of experiments and access multiple books and profiles, most of which are just derived from the enthusiasms rooted in their minds. Children may be led to comparatively optimistic life attitudes and pleasant childhoods when they have the right to struggle for what they are obsessed with.
But they are not mature enough to distinguish what is proper in their age ranges. They may imitate what they learn from the mass media or their surroundings, such as smoking, drinking, and bullying, provoking severely negative consequences. Their freedom should be rationally manipulated.
While technology creates elaborate social networks online, it still undermines people's social abilities and causes social isolation. People increasingly rely on typed words and stickers, and their emotional sensitivity decreases because expressions in the avatar cannot be captured like face-to-face communication behind the screen. With in-person contact increasingly being replaced by online communication, solid social connections will be inevitably replaced by much shallower junctions, leading to situations where people may have large numbers of internet friends but few actual real-world companions. This can lead to depression and feelings of loneliness.
Some advanced means of communication have considerably facilitated communication among people. For example, people used to write letters in the past, which usually arrived at distant destinations after several months. But now, we can talk to our friends instantly through video-chatting or social networking websites, which is much more convenient than ever before. Besides, this new technology also brings people closer despite the separation due to the pursuit of career advancement, further education, and other personal ambitions. The prosperity of social networking websites, blogging, and discussion forums have witnessed a boom in interaction among friends, relatives, and strangers. People are never estranged from their beloved ones through the comments and dialogues following the pictures and videos on these platforms despite the geographical barriers.
People in the past could never imagine that they may no longer suffer from hard physical work but only manipulate computers. However, the development also raises the issue that practitioners from a wide range of professions may encounter the problem of unemployment. Machines also prove that the growth of the related productivity would be exponential: compared with hundreds of physical laborers in the past, devices only need a limited number of operators and never need a rest, nor do they require a paid holiday off. Besides, the initial investment in purchasing machinery and maintenance is decreasing due to the development of technologies, which exaggerates mass worry about unemployment.
Most manual workers deeply know that they cannot live like this forever because their physical conditions may worsen with aging. Additionally, machines can become a substitute for those doing dangerous jobs like mining underground or searching for lives in ruins; otherwise, potential disasters may happen to humans. The scenario also provides new opportunities for developers, operators, and logistics.
A nation's cultures, customs, and values are inextricably bound up with its traditional artifacts. With artistic handicrafts being replaced by products from assembly lines, the diversity and richness in cultures will vanish.
In raw materials, nuclear power can be considered an ideal choice to replace thermal energy. On the one hand, despite the high investment in constructing atomic plants, the average life span of nuclear power is approximately 20 years longer than the general thermal power station. Meanwhile, the efficiency of generating electricity is also much higher. On the other hand, nuclear power has less constrained conditions than alternative fuels such as hydro power, wind, and solar power. Therefore, the utilization of nuclear can guarantee a sustainable and stable supply of energy regardless of the weather or geographical situation.
Besides, nuclear power can be regarded as an environmentally friendly energy source. In other words, while generating electricity, the carbon emissions will not be emitted, which would have been enormous due to burning fossil fuels in thermal power stations. Besides, coal power stations also release sulfur dioxide into the atmosphere. Therefore, nuclear power helps alleviate global warming and the contamination of the atmosphere.
The development of food technology can benefit many people's health who are provided with a broader range of high-quality foods for a balanced diet. For example, some perishables such as fruit and vegetables can be preserved and made available for people in cold climates. Some diet supplements have also been developed to improve the nutrition of our diet and promote our well-being.
Genetic engineering, for instance, modifies the genetic characteristics of natural crops, but the consequence of eating these crops is yet to be known. In addition, some chemicals have been used to increase the shelf life of some foodstuffs, even though these chemicals can harm our health.
Some people regard scientific research as a waste of time and money because they probably see several reports about the failures of scientific experiments. Admittedly, due to the limitation of current technology or funding, some short-term scientific research may seem to have no clear objectives or direct rewards, which makes it seem like a kind of “waste” to those critics, but stopping such experiments would have worse consequences.
Additionally, these people misunderstand the essence of scientific experiments; scientific theories are falsifiable and can be supplanted by new theories after trying hundreds or thousands of times. Therefore, "failure" is allowed, and it is expected that later generations do not understand the investment and even sacrifice for the previous theory. Still, these initial investments provide the basis for the subsequent innovation.
Charity aims to alleviate the suffering regardless of frontiers. After all, human misery knows no borders, nor should charity. The optimal charity model is at a national or even global level, whereby the money can go to the neediest people, particularly those suffering from famine, deprivation, or wars. Meanwhile, many multi-national charitable organizations, with branches in every corner of the world and accrued experience, make it possible for a national and global charity.
On the one hand, the world's wealthier countries should take concerted action to help the poorer countries under ethical considerations. When people lack the resources needed to survive, those with abundant resources are obligated to come to their aid. Minor financial sacrifices of wealthy nations can prevent massive amounts of death from starvation. On the other hand, foreign aid should be deployed more wisely. The current aid money to poor areas is often abused. Instead of being sensibly allocated, the aid money often results in authority corruption and military expenses. Thus it is essential to apply foreign aid more appropriately.
Firstly, aid should be deployed in infrastructure and technology to ameliorate living standards. Over the last several decades, China has been pumping resources into Africa, ranging from transportation and infrastructure to real estate, to help Africa modernize its economies. Secondly, aid should also contribute to science and education. It seems axiomatic that everyone would benefit from a better scientific education. Granting everyone a chance to approach knowledge can create a well-educated workforce and ensure people get rid of poverty.
Admittedly, globalization creates a more conducive environment for investors to conduct business worldwide. Under such circumstances, many enterprises invest their capital and locate their manufacturing units in developing countries, where the labor force is cheaper. Multinational companies in those countries hire a vast number of the local population, creating work opportunities locally.
When multinational corporations enter the domestic market of less developed countries, local companies will inevitably face colossal threats. With their vast resources and competitive strength, those transnational enterprises can quickly take over control of the market and weed out their competing counterparts, especially tiny and medium enterprises. Worse still, the wealth is usually not shared with the local community, resulting in large capital outflows from the host country.
First of all, human society is now an intimate community in whose future we all have a stake. Pandemic and pollution know no borders. The global warming, terrorism, and the hunger of children are the foes of every nation. A virus in one area may spread to every corner of the world overnight without adequate control. No one is immune to the cross-border crisis, not even the most developed countries. We have become an integral whole with a common destiny. We stand together in weal or woe, as we have shared interests and future. Hence, we should provide aid within the capacity.
On the one hand, it is understandable why many people see population growth as the answer to many problems. In metropolitan cities, tons of waste, whether packages of products, plastic bags, defective or outdated electronic devices result in enormous environmental pollution; most non-biodegradable will stay in the landfills for hundreds of years. Another problem that affects every urban citizen is traffic congestion, which is an inevitable problem attributed to the high density of the population.
On the other hand, even in over-populated countries, the government faces a deficiency in the workforce and an aging society. The increasing population should not be reckoned as the only culprit for all problems; there may be other inherent factors. For example, there has been a mass exodus of workers from the villages to the towns because the youth are being enticed away by higher salaries and more education and medical care opportunities. The resulting unreasonable population distribution usually brings an imbalance of development and resources between the urban and the rural area.
From the individual level, delaying retirement is also a reasonable and suitable measure for the current society. With the enhancement of living standards and medical advances, the average life expectancy of the population has generally extended in recent years, which means that people aged 55-60 are usually in good health and can still take full-time occupations. At the same time, middle-aged people nowadays face enormous economic pressure, including mortgages, bills, tuition fees, and other expenses. Continuing to engage in a relatively high-income full-time job can relieve the stress of daily life.
A dynamic multigenerational workforce is more likely to output more. A wide age range of employees naturally goes with more diverse skill sets and viewpoints, which can sometimes be complementary to form a virtuous circle under proper guidance. The employer can take full advantage of their respective strengths of distinct age groups.
Merits emerge when one chooses small families, especially in the modern urban life, where people increasingly lack time and energy to maintain a traditional and relatively stable living. Small families enjoy more freedom than the great family groups; they design and arrange their family livings dynamically based on their purposes without caring about other close relatives. Therefore, people in small families can use their energy and time more reasonably for their careers or studies in today’s city.
Situations sometimes go adversely if one doesn’t have well-rounded abilities to manage the real-life details and suffer from financial burdens. Small families need to acquire more capabilities to face problems and undertake more ventures when there are only restricted members within a domestic environment. Additionally, disorders are more likely to happen in case of an emergency because no additional one would help deal with issues overwhelming the whole family.
The first main factor is the pursuit of freedom and privacy. Young adults, nowadays, prefer an independent lifestyle than ever before. In other words, they are not willing to be restricted by family bonds or marriage. Therefore, a solitary lifestyle satisfies their needs and becomes their favorable choice. Another reason contributing to this issue is that some young people choose metropolitans as their employment destinations, which means they have to be separated from their parents and live by themselves.
Although this lifestyle is popular among young people and brings them certain benefits, it negatively influences society. The trend of living independently accelerates the demand for housing. The housing shortage will gradually become a severe issue for authorities to handle. From another angle, becoming accustomed to living alone is more likely to form introverted and egoistic characters since those people have no one to communicate with at home when encountering some problems or feeling frustrated. However, only with an extroverted personality and teamwork spirit can people integrate into work and society better and smoothly.
On the one hand, problems obtain more attention with the involvement of famous people thanks to their popularity and influence. Celebrities like globally well-known actors, singers, and sports stars have high kudos and are usually the focus of mass media. Any words they post on social media or any speech they deliver in public places will instantly gain extensive exposure.
However, the focus may also be diverted by the celebrities' engagement. While watching those superstars on screen, their followers may merely care about their idols' performance rather than the problem or message idols try to solve or convey. Moreover, although the charity activities may gain higher publicity among the citizens, few people take any action to participate afterwards. Celebrities should take the charity campaign more seriously and make their contribution practically.
The first benefit is the jobs that the industry is going to create. Specifically, with more and more companies taking an interest in space tourism, a high number of employment for researchers, scientists, explorers, pilots, programmers, operators, and many other support staff will be available in the next few years. Also, planes and many other things will be needed in space tourism business.
Another advantage of space tourism is its ability to renew interest in space and space exploration. With renewed interest, financial backing will follow, supporting further innovation in the industry and space exploration in general.
However, every space tour has its inherent risk of catastrophic disasters and losing human lives. So, the companies have to take care of all the safety concerns and make every prudent step to ensure a safe journey to space; with the extremely hostile environment of the space, anything can happen. Moreover, the space industry also creates environmental problems after launching space shuttles, satellites, rockets, and other equipment.
In addition to this, stereotypes account for the cultural prejudice. This is mainly because many visitors lack a profound and comprehensive understanding of the places before setting off, and facing the backward situation of individual areas and the destructive behaviors of individuals, the tourists may have the tendency to exaggerate them into the stereotype of the whole country, which is extremely difficult to change later as the first impression sets a framework from which people interpret everything else.
Admittedly, knowledge gained from TV and the Internet features a broader range than traveling. Much information can be available from various sources, from documentaries and other tourism programs produced by professional broadcast companies to travel stories, adventures, and images from avid travelers. What people experience is probably incomplete and partial, sometimes lopsided. Besides, by watching TV and browsing through pages online, people can form a general conception of a country with the least effort in terms of time and expense.
First, historical differences and culture shock are probably the main culprits of misunderstandings and even discrimination. For instance, in some parts of China, eating dogs is allowed and famous, while in Europe, killing or hunting dogs is illegal. This can be seen as a culture shock, and some visitors cannot understand, so sometimes conflicts may occur between the visitors and inhabitants.
If we continue to deplete the earth's natural resources, we will cause serious damage to the environment. Some environmental problems cannot be solved without technological solutions, such as applying renewable resources. Wind power and solar energy have been used worldwide, thereby reducing the demand for fossil fuels. Electric cars and hybrid cars have also been in high demand worldwide, reducing the emission of carbon dioxide.
Climate change has already been set in motion, and we are experiencing the effects of climate change. The weather is getting hotter; relentless heat isn't uncommon; diseases are moving, and wildfires and floods are happening more often, causing catastrophic damage and more injuries. Admittedly, cultivating a positive relationship with nature is essential. But more reproaches are useless, the significant challenge right here under our nose is more how to deal with these aftermaths and face reality.
On the other hand, currently, any program set up to prevent climate change involves cutting carbon emissions. Unfortunately, carbon-capture technology turns out to be demanding and expensive. Because clime change is a genuinely global complex problem, every country’s actions are integral to addressing this issue. However, drawing down carbon emission makes a sacrifice unbearable economic costs. Thus, many countries are reluctant to take risks, especially those focusing on economic growth.
First and foremost, the green belt helps ensure a consistent supply of fresh air to urban inhabitants. Via photosynthesis, most green leafy plants help convert the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere into fresh oxygen that the life of humans and many other faunas relies on. Without sufficient plants grown in cities, oxygen cannot be guaranteed, let alone trees' other effects on the town, including filtering some harmful gases or vehicle emissions in the air and adjusting the urban temperature and humidity. Moreover, the scale of the green area is now considered a critical standard to measure a city’s life quality and civilization progress because natural sights attract citizens to organize more outdoor activities that can improve their physical well-being and enhance the family bond.
On the other hand, there is no denying fact that the accommodation of a continuously growing urban population is still the first imperative. The housing issue can be the basic needs for citizens, which directly determines the life quality and happiness index. It is conceivable that some city-planners chose to construct more high-rise blocks of flats with the sacrifice of some urban green. Meeting citizens' basic physiological and safety needs, such as providing shelter, is unquestionably more straightforward and realistic.
Our livings have long evolved into communities and groups concentrating on artificial surroundings. People get more used to being urbanized without being exposed to the wild lives, plants, or every natural creature. Furthermore, the importance brought by the natural world is not directly linked to people's daily life. Almost the entire human being cares more about profits, which could immediately contribute to their living standards, convenience, or comfortability.
Firstly, eco-tourism is highly welcomed for attracting the public to go to the places without so many human civilizations—no dwellings manifesting the elaboration of architecture or scenery reflecting residential customs—to truly sense the beauty of the natural world. Simultaneously, the mass media should promote natural beauty and its importance because it is more realistic to inject this information via documentaries, reality shows, tv programs, or films.
To start simple, with a bit of thought and effort, everyone can make efforts to reduce the number of plastic waste by carrying reusable water bottles and storing food in non-disposable containers. It is also effective to use sustainable products because plastic, as is reported, has already caused tens of thousands of deaths of animals and marine creatures who are trapped or entangled. Besides, we can effectively reduce the intensity of human activity on nature, such as overgrazing, poor farming, and strip mining, to prevent the habitat for animals and plants from shrinking.
The world faces a severe threat of deteriorating land and the extinction of rare animals and plants. Aside from emotional reasons, the effort to preserve the diversity of biological life on our planet is necessary. The survival of animals and plants is inextricably bound with the well-being of humans, as the earth is a living ecosystem, a fragile system of interdependence and balance. Although, as many experts claim, reversal is impossible, I still believe that it is imperative to act now before the problem gets more severe.
From the perspective of the Darwinians, the extinction of some wildlife is the inevitable result of the law of nature, which is the survival of the fittest. They believe that those creatures who do not adapt to the evolving environment cannot avoid the fate of dying out. Therefore, Darwinian logic would conclude that any attempts to constrain this upcoming trend would be in vain.
One factor that brings many animals to the brink of extinction is poaching; the disappearance of the southern China tiger in last century was the result of excessive hunting. Another factor we cannot ignore is encroachment on natural habitat due to relentless urbanization, which puts the wildlife into jeopardy and disrupts the interrelationship of flora and fauna. Furthermore, the past decad
‘。es have witnessed some successful measures, whether the establishment of natural reserves or the development of reproduction technology. One convincing achievement is the preservation of the Panda, an endangered animal whose numbers have increased thanks to these approaches.
The modern zoo can act as a place to preserve endangered species, a safe house for rescued animals snatched from their habitat by those with malicious intent, and help spread a sense of wonder about the natural world. Most children find days out at the zoo a fantastic experience, where they can get up close to animals large and small from distant places that they may have only seen in picture books or on TV.
Documentaries and nature programs bring animals into our front room in all their glory, in real-time and living in the wild. The reality is not always pretty or cute; zoo animals live in captivity, trapped in a small enclosure for our so-called entertainment and education. But you can't touch the animals, which is deemed too dangerous. You can’t either get that close to most of them, not even by squashing your face against the glass of an enclosure. Zoo animals are often pacing up and down in their cages in boredom or frustration or sitting in a corner, lonely and depressed. A few years ago, some zoos were prescribing Prozac to some animals. Zoos are sad places for animals. An animal lover can’t enjoy seeing magnificent creatures such as tigers or lions behind bars.
Water is necessary for the sustenance of all living creatures. It is the world’s most precious resource, fueling everything from the food we eat to the energy we depend upon every day. And freshwater habitats—such as lakes, rivers, streams, and wetlands—boast significant importance to the world's biodiversity. Yet water is not a limitless resource, remarkably fresh potable water. Therefore, the notion that people are free to use water lavishly is selfish and shortsighted. If we continue to deplete this resource, this vital supply may be exhausted.
Freshwater resources show a qualitative and quantitative deterioration through time resulting from overexploitation for agricultural and industrial purposes, climatic constraints, and multiplication of the diffuse sources of pollution.
Human beings have excavated and exhausted much of the planet's fossil fuels and natural gases. By the turn of the century, the pressure of running out of energy resources has forced people to seek resources in remote or untouched regions.
Admittedly, most moving vehicles and heating household systems are still running on oils and gases. The overall demand for such resources is still increasing exponentially. Therefore, energy companies must find a solution to resolve this colossal demand. By searching and drilling for fossil fuels in more remote or even uncivilized areas, people can access a much more significant amount of energy resources.
However, such actions often carries numerous negative consequences. First of all, searching for energy in remote areas will increase the energy required for transportation often referred to as carbon emission, this will give rise to even greater energy demand and is a highly unsustainable way of development.
Furthermore, the activities such as drilling into the ocean floor may lead to catastrophic damage to the oceanic ecosystem. There have already been numerous accounts of oil and gas leakage from deep ocean platforms, which results in disastrous impacts on the local faunas. Furthermore, unpredictable consequences may cause damaging effects on the already degrading climate and planet conditions.
For instance, the South Pole provides an ideal geographical position where scientists can observe the atmosphere closely. In this way, not only can we obtain more comprehensive information about our resources, but we would also become more capable of finding out other measures to protect the whole planet.
Furthermore, visiting isolated areas may, to some extent, boost cultural communication. People living in the South Pole, deserts, or small islands lead different lives than those living in the fast-paced modern society, and they have various attitudes towards life. With the bloom of homestay hotels like Airbnb, tourists can immerse in completely novel surroundings, experience the local habits, and even have memorable chats with their hosts.
Advocators see this as an employment opportunity and a means of producing immediate benefits; as one of the largest segments of the tertiary industry, tourism activates a chain of economic measures including the value-added capital investment, employment, and tax contributions. There are also people holding that its economic impact may be uncertain and the tours are constantly interrupting the daily life of local people.
However, some people are consistently worrying about the ecological damage due to a wide range of tourism activities. Once the regions, especially those fragile ones, are reconstructed into tourist resorts, conflicts emerge between the natural resources and the invasion of modern facilities: forests may have to give way to the construction of mountain hotels; rivers may be forced to reroute for the water communication. It is unclear how to mitigate the effects of tourism on the area.
Rising consumer sales have the effect of spurring the economy to faster growth.
During manufacturing, raw materials, and energy, many of which are not renewable or regenerated, are extracted brutally from nature and produced in a very polluting way. For instance, in the elaboration process of raw materials, harmful chemical substances are introduced, and fossil fuels are burned to facilitate production, causing toxic by-products. Besides, the production growth comes with many wasted products, which are probably just dumped into the rivers and oceans and harm the ecosystem and creatures that live in the sea. For example, the lives of thousands of birds are in jeopardy as a result of the oil spill.
Most cities are facing severe traffic congestion. Driving at rush hour, especially in busy metropolitan areas, can be very frustrating as drivers deal with stop-and-go traffic. By contrast, biking paths and sidewalks have less congestion. Biking enables travelers not only to burn calories and strengthen the muscles in the legs, but also lower blood pressure and risk of cancer, diabetes, and other diseases over time.
First of all, the efficiency of cycling is much lower compared with other fuel or electricity-powered vehicles. In other words, bikes are operated by human beings themselves, which is more physically demanding, but the speed of this is not satisfactory. Therefore, for the city commuters, especially those living in the metropolitan ones and having to travel long distances to work daily, cycling can hardly be seen as an optimal choice compared with other transportation methods.
Apart from the low efficiency, the poor riding experience cannot be ignored. In most countries of the world, the weather is not that stabilized all year round. Except for the extreme weather such as storms or torrential rain, the daily temperature also brings people challenges while riding, especially during winter and summer.
The introduction of bike-sharing can contribute to the rescue of cycling, which effectively solves the ’last mile‘ problem. For example, In China, people can simply use their intelligent mobiles to unlock the bike, utilizing them where it is unreachable by the public systems and initially has to be arrived by walking.
共享单车的引入有助于拯救自行车运动，有效地解决了 "最后一公里 "的问题。例如，在中国，人们可以简单地使用他们的智能手机来解锁自行车，在公共系统无法到达的地方利用它们，最初必须通过步行到达。
From an individual perspective, the trend of life-on-wheels can be seen as positive for both comfortable and convenient reasons. Firstly, it is not difficult to imagine the comfort of driving to work in comparison with the feeling of being sandwiched in the packed subway during rush hours. Also, for some travelers who need to commute between cities frequently, driving by themselves is sometimes a relatively more affordable and convenient alternative to air flights. Traveling by plane is more expensive and irritating, not to mention the cumbersome security procedures at airports and commonplace delays.
The scene that the roads are clogged with traffic isn't uncommon. Mostly, traffic congestion happens in city centers when traffic demand exceeds the available road capacity. From the demand side, over the last few decades, cars and other private vehicles have spiked across the world, resulting from fast economic growth and improved living standards that come with it. On the other hand, from the supply side, road and expressway capacity in city centers can’t be easily expanded due to limited land spaces there. To make things worse, statistics show that increasing road capacity reduces the cost of travel and thus induces additional traffic demand.
Maybe in the short run, they should consider ways to reduce cars on the road like imposing congestion taxes, charging higher parking fees or raising petrol prices so that the cost of car trips far outnumbers that of other transportation options. In this case, more car owners might quit unnecessary driving and begin to take mass transit.
In addition, by utilizing the congestion tax, governments can also invest in improving the public transport infrastructure by revenue, providing better service, and attracting more people to choose public transport.
There seems to be temporary relief of the urban problems in just the scheduled days rather than an effective cure to benefit the public. Instead, the vehicle-free day discourages the citizens’ inclination to favor the public transportation system by lowering the amenity and working efficiency. It can be conceived that commuters frequently get stuck and squashed in the city transport, not to mention the vehicle-free day when a different flock of passengers rush onto the buses. On the other hand, when private vehicles are prohibited in the centers, those with limited mobility, like the disabled, have to waste ages for taxis to transfer them between the urban and the outskirt. Such an uncomfortable and inefficient experience with the public transportation system disappoints both the bus takers and private car drivers.
Therefore, regulations are more suggested in bettering the training part during the driving license tests to ensure that newly qualified drivers would be more skillful in dealing with complex traffic situations. A more extended actual road driving practice could be involved in the probation of drivers to make sure that they won’t panic or mishandle the vehicles in some ordinary circumstances; supervisions like cameras or cable televisions are recommended on roads to ensure they are not playing mobile phones during the driving.
There are unavoidable accidents that occur not only because of traffic violations but the poor road and climate conditions. A more effective strategy by the government would be to straighten accident-prone curves and widen narrow roads. A more significant number of road signs and proper traffic signals can also effectively reduce accidents on roads. Moreover, speed cameras can remind drivers not to commit any mistakes or break the rules. Recently, the way has been applied in many areas and already brings positive results as decreasing the number of people going beyond standard speed.
Traditionally, a local community would locate in a large area, where various institutions would be concentrated: shops, restaurants, community groups, religious organizations, and community leaders. A robust and close-knit sense of collective responsibility would be formed within these communities and establish a sense of shared values. This was commonly referred to as community spirit: an essential feature of community management.
However, in the modern world, high-rise buildings and shopping malls are located away from residential areas. Shopping malls located on the outskirts of residential areas cannot cultivate the same sense of community spirit as shops situated in residential areas. Shopkeepers and customers all have a sense of responsibility to look after their local area. Factors such as this have created a situation whereby traditional community spirit has vanished, and fewer people care about the area in which they live.
Granted, this policy of moving factories and employees to the countryside can alleviate urban problems in a short period. Idle land resources can be used for apartment buildings and public road systems, which in a short time relieves heavy traffic jams and lowers the estate price. However, with time passing, the problems would become severe again. The more employees move out of the city, the more new immigrants swarm into the city. The increasing population in cities gives rise to various problems, and traffic and housing problems cannot be solved thoroughly.
More shopping centers bring increasing convenience, which provides a wider variety of commodities and saves people much time searching for different products. This is particularly important to those busy working adults in a fast-paced modern life. Apart from urban dwellers, shopping centers are usually reckoned as a tourism attraction for travelers.
Public park is suitable for people of all ages and various interests to spend leisure time, from jogging to fishing, camping to painting. It provides a precious opportunity for each living in concrete jungles to relieve themselves in nature and a haven from the noise and bustle of the city. which is beneficial to their mental health. Also, more sports facilities will make it easy for people to do more exercise, which increases the physical fitness of the public.
Large squares and parks have been established to host lectures, ceremonies, and even carnivals. Therefore, it is of high necessity for a city to possess prestigious squares or parks, which have increasingly become a city landmarks. For example, Central Park in New York and Red Square in Moscow represent the city's character and history, and they have become one of the most significant components of the town.
On the one hand, entitling people to freedom in house design is favorable to a certain extent. As home is a very personal space, being able to design it to our liking can be immensely enjoyable. If homeowners are deprived of this freedom, they would feel uncomfortable and frustrated with their property, which may adversely affect other aspects of their life. On the city level, having variations in house design could help the community and even the city look more vibrant. Paris perfectly exemplifies this principle. This city is hailed as one of the most unique in the world as far as architectural style is concerned, which can be attributed to the fact that the houses here do not conform to a fixed aesthetic.
First, there is the matter of safety. The lack of control on how houses should be constructed could put the inhabitants' lives in jeopardy. Second, aesthetically speaking, if homeowners are too adventurous, the building will look out of place with other structures in the same area. Houses in bad taste could seriously spoil the beauty of the city.
The most frequently mentioned problem about historic buildings is their livability. The utility of facilities in century-old housing is obsolete by today’s standards, whether electric and plumbing systems, underfloor drainage design, or anti-fire building materials, not to mention the apprehension about their building materials in terms of environmental protection and energy-saving. Some might argue that refurbishment could address these problems; however, this requires enormous capital.
However, when properly evaluated, the dilemma of renovating or demolishing historical constructions will be tackled. For those dwellings without cultural values, the authority should take steps to replace them with new housing designed to meet current safety codes. On the other hand, the administration can relocate their residents and rehabilitate these buildings for tourism purposes for those with cultural or architectural meaning. By doing so, the apprehension about livability be mitigated, and the cost of maintenance can be offset by revenue from ticket sales.
Initially, the massive presence of Western cultural goods throughout the world makes a case for inevitable cultural homogenization. Developments in global communications have made exchanging goods and ideas near-instantaneous and unimaginably easy. From the inescapable presence of Mcdonald's and Hollywood movie posters to the Western clothing brands with social prestige, the limitless evidence of Western cultural commodity domination makes cultural globalization a persuasive one. Critics of this view note how it reduces culture to its material goods. It makes a leap of inference from the simple presence of cultural goods to the attribution of more profound cultural effects.
Foreign TV programs, such as soap operas and cartoons, enrich local entertainment culture due to different content styles. Some channels broadcast distinctive programs which consist of different customs and activities for the audience with their preference to choose.
Some celebrities have a certain amount of kudos attached and set a shining example, especially top athletes with valuable qualities including persistence and diligence, encoring and inspiring their fans to follow them to spare no effort in pursuing their dreams, which is a kind of positive spiritual belief to some extent.
The young could be immature and impulsive, so they are likely to imitate all the actions of their idols, irrespective of whether these actions are beneficial or not, ranging from a materialistic and individualistic lifestyle to more incendiary behaviors such as racism and discrimination. These outcomes are harmful not only for young people themselves but also for society in the long term.